Ancient Greek grammar (tables with transliteration)/Adjectives

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Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Second declension[edit | edit source]

Three suffixes – three genders[edit | edit source]
Masculine Feminine Neuter
σοφός (stem: σοφο-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
σοφή (stem: σοφη-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
σοφόν (stem: σοφο-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative σοφός
Template:Grc-transl
σοφώ
Template:Grc-transl
σοφοί
Template:Grc-transl
σοφή
Template:Grc-transl
σοφά
Template:Grc-transl
σοφαί
Template:Grc-transl
σοφόν
Template:Grc-transl
σοφώ
Template:Grc-transl
σοφά
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive σοφοῦ (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφοῖν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφῶν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφῆς (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφαῖν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφῶν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφοῦ (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφοῖν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
σοφῶν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
Two suffixes – three genders[edit | edit source]
Masculine-Feminine Neuter
ἄφθονος (stem: ἀφθονο-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
ἄφθονον (stem: ἀφθονο-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ἄφθονος
Template:Grc-transl
ἀφθόνω
Template:Grc-transl
ἄφθονοι
Template:Grc-transl
ἄφθονον
Template:Grc-transl
ἀφθόνω
Template:Grc-transl
ἄφθονα
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive ἀφθόνου (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
ἀφθόνοιν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
ἀφθόνων (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
ἀφθόνου (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
ἀφθόνοιν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.
ἀφθόνοιν (Template:Grc-transl)
etc.

Third declension[edit | edit source]

Vowel stem[edit | edit source]
  • Three suffixes in ῠς-, ειᾰ-, and -ῠ
  • Three suffixes in ῠς-, ειᾰ-, and -ῠ
Masculine Feminine Neuter
βαθύς (stem: βαθυ-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
βαθεῖα (stem: βαθε-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
βαθύ (stem: βαθυ-)
Template:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative βαθύς
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖα
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεία
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖαι
Template:Grc-transl
βαθύ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέα
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive βαθέος
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέοιν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέων
Template:Grc-transl
βαθείας
Template:Grc-transl
βαθείαιν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθειῶν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέος
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέοιν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέων
Template:Grc-transl
Dative βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέοιν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέσι
Template:Grc-transl
βαθείᾳ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθείαιν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθείαις
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέοιν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέσι
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative βαθύν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖαν
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεία
Template:Grc-transl
βαθείας
Template:Grc-transl
βαθύ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέα
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative βαθύ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖα
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεία
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖαι
Template:Grc-transl
βαθύ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
βαθέα
Template:Grc-transl
Two suffixes - three genders[edit | edit source]
Masculine - Feminine Neuter
εὐδαίμωνεὔδαιμον, (stem: εὐδαιμον-)
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative εὐδαίμων
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονε
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονες
Template:Grc-transl
εὔδαιμον
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονε
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονα
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive εὐδαίμονος
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαιμόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαιμόνων
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονος
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαιμόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαιμόνων
Template:Grc-transl
Dative εὐδαίμονι
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαιμόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμοσι
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονι
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαιμόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμοσι
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative εὐδαίμονα
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονε
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονας
Template:Grc-transl
εὔδαιμον
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονε
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονα
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative εὔδαιμον
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονε
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονες
Template:Grc-transl
εὔδαιμον
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονε
Template:Grc-transl
εὐδαίμονα
Template:Grc-transl


Masculine - Feminine Neuter
σώφρωνσῶφρον (stem: σωφρον-)
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative σώφρων
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονε
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονες
Template:Grc-transl
σῶφρον
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονε
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονα
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive σώφρονος
Template:Grc-transl
σωφρόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
σωφρόνων
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονος
Template:Grc-transl
σωφρόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
σωφρόνων
Template:Grc-transl
Dative σώφρονι
Template:Grc-transl
σωφρόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
σώφροσι
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονι
Template:Grc-transl
σωφρόνοιν
Template:Grc-transl
σώφροσι
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative σώφρονα
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονε
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονας
Template:Grc-transl
σῶφρον
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονε
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονα
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative σῶφρον
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονε
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονες
Template:Grc-transl
σῶφρον
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονε
Template:Grc-transl
σώφρονα
Template:Grc-transl
Sibilant-stem, two suffixes - three genders[edit | edit source]
Masculine - Feminine Neuter
ἀληθήςἀληθές (stem: ἀληθεσ-)
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ἀληθής
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθές
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθῆ
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive ἀληθοῦς
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθῶν
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθοῦς
Template:Grc-transl
αληθοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθῶν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθέσι
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθέσι
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative ἀληθῆ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθές
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθῆ
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative ἀληθές
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθές
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθεῖ
Template:Grc-transl
ἀληθῆ
Template:Grc-transl


Masculine - Feminine Neuter
εὐώδηςεὐῶδες (stem: εὐωδεσ-)
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative εὐώδης
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδεις
Template:Grc-transl
εὐῶδες
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδη
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive εὐώδους
Template:Grc-transl
εὐωδοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐωδῶν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδους
Template:Grc-transl
εὐωδοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐωδῶν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐωδοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδεσι
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐωδοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδεσι
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative εὐώδη
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδεις
Template:Grc-transl
εὐῶδες
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδη
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative εὐῶδες
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδεις
Template:Grc-transl
εὐῶδες
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδει
Template:Grc-transl
εὐώδη
Template:Grc-transl
  • The adjectives whose suffix is -ώδης, -ώλης or -ήρης are declined like εὐώδης. The rest raise the accent in several forms. These adjectives are declined this way:
Masculine - Feminine Neuter
συνήθηςσύνηθες (stem: συνηθεσ-)
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl (stem: Template:Grc-transl)
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative συνήθης
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθεις
Template:Grc-transl
σύνηθες
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθη
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive συνήθους
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθοιν
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθων
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθους
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθοιν
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθων
Template:Grc-transl
Dative συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθοιν
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθεσι
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθοιν
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθεσι
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative συνήθη
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθεις
Template:Grc-transl
σύνηθες
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθη
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative σύνηθες
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθεις
Template:Grc-transl
σύνηθες
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθει
Template:Grc-transl
συνήθη
Template:Grc-transl

Irregular adjectives[edit | edit source]

πολύς and μέγας[edit | edit source]
πολύς, πολλή, πολύ (stems: πολυ-, πολλο-)
Template:Grc-transl, Template:Grc-transl, Template:Grc-transl (stems: Template:Grc-transl, Template:Grc-transl)
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative πολύς
Template:Grc-transl
πολλοί
Template:Grc-transl
πολλή
Template:Grc-transl
πολλαί
Template:Grc-transl
πολύ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλά
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive πολλοῦ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλῶν
Template:Grc-transl
πολλῆς
Template:Grc-transl
πολλῶν
Template:Grc-transl
πολλοῦ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλῶν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative πολλῷ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλοῖς
Template:Grc-transl
πολλῇ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλαῖς
Template:Grc-transl
πολλῷ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλοῖς
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative πολύν
Template:Grc-transl
πολλούς
Template:Grc-transl
πολλήν
Template:Grc-transl
πολλάς
Template:Grc-transl
πολύ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλά
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative πολύ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλοί
Template:Grc-transl
πολλή
Template:Grc-transl
πολλαί
Template:Grc-transl
πολύ
Template:Grc-transl
πολλά
Template:Grc-transl


μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα (stems: μεγα-, μεγαλο-)
Template:Grc-transl, Template:Grc-transl, Template:Grc-transl (stems: Template:Grc-transl, Template:Grc-transl)
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative μέγας
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλω
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοι
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλη
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλαι
Template:Grc-transl
μέγα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλω
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλα
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive μεγάλου
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοιν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλων
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλης
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλαιν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλων
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλου
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοιν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλων
Template:Grc-transl
Dative μεγάλῳ
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοιν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοις
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλῃ
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλαιν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλαις
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλῳ
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοιν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοις
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative μέγαν
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλω
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλους
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλην
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλας
Template:Grc-transl
μέγα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλε
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλα
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative μέγα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλω
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλοι
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλη
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλαι
Template:Grc-transl
μέγα
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλω
Template:Grc-transl
μεγάλα
Template:Grc-transl

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Personal pronoun[edit | edit source]

Attic
1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Plural
Nominative ἐγώ
Template:Grc-transl
νώ
Template:Grc-transl
ἡμεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
σύ
Template:Grc-transl
σφώ
Template:Grc-transl
ὑμεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
σφεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive ἐμοῦ, μου
Template:Grc-transl
νῷν
Template:Grc-transl
ἡμῶν
Template:Grc-transl
σοῦ, σου
Template:Grc-transl
σφῷν
Template:Grc-transl
ὑμῶν
Template:Grc-transl
οὗ
Template:Grc-transl)
(σφῶν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative ἐμοί, μοι
Template:Grc-transl
νῷν
Template:Grc-transl
ἡμῖν
Template:Grc-transl
σοί, σοι
Template:Grc-transl
σφῷν
Template:Grc-transl
ὑμῖν
Template:Grc-transl
οἷ
Template:Grc-transl
σφίσι(ν)
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative ἐμέ, με
Template:Grc-transl
νώ
Template:Grc-transl
ἡμᾶς
Template:Grc-transl
σέ, σε
Template:Grc-transl
σφώ
Template:Grc-transl
ὑμᾶς
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl)
σφᾶς
Template:Grc-transl

Demonstrative οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο "this"[edit | edit source]

Masculine Feminine Neuter All genders
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Dual
Nominative οὗτος
Template:Grc-transl
οὗτοι
Template:Grc-transl
αὕτη
Template:Grc-transl
αὗται
Template:Grc-transl
τοῦτο
Template:Grc-transl
ταῦτα
Template:Grc-transl
τούτω
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive τούτου
Template:Grc-transl
τούτων
Template:Grc-transl
ταύτης
Template:Grc-transl
τούτων
Template:Grc-transl
τούτου
Template:Grc-transl
τούτων
Template:Grc-transl
τούτοιν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative τούτῳ
Template:Grc-transl
τούτοις
Template:Grc-transl
ταύτῃ
Template:Grc-transl
ταύταις
Template:Grc-transl
τούτῳ
Template:Grc-transl
τούτοις
Template:Grc-transl
τούτοιν
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative τοῦτον
Template:Grc-transl
τούτους
Template:Grc-transl
ταύτην
Template:Grc-transl
ταύτας
Template:Grc-transl
τοῦτο
Template:Grc-transl
ταῦτα
Template:Grc-transl
τούτω
Template:Grc-transl
Vocative οὗτος
Template:Grc-transl
—— αὕτη
Template:Grc-transl
—— —— —— ——

Indefinite τίς, τί[edit | edit source]

masc.fem. Neuter All genders
Singular Plural Singular Plural Dual
Nominative τίς
Template:Grc-transl
τινές
Template:Grc-transl
τί
Template:Grc-transl
τινά or ἄττα
Template:Grc-transl or Template:Grc-transl
τινέ
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive τινός or του
Template:Grc-transl or Template:Grc-transl
τινῶν
Template:Grc-transl
τινός or του
Template:Grc-transl or Template:Grc-transl
τινῶν
Template:Grc-transl
τινοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative τινί or τῳ
Template:Grc-transl or Template:Grc-transl
τισί(ν) τινί or τῳ
Template:Grc-transl or Template:Grc-transl
τισί(ν) τινοῖν
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative τινά
Template:Grc-transl
τινάς
Template:Grc-transl
τί
Template:Grc-transl
τινά or ἄττα
Template:Grc-transl or Template:Grc-transl
τινέ
Template:Grc-transl

Relative ὅς, ἥ, ὅ[edit | edit source]

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ὅς
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl
οἵ
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl
ὥ (ἅ)
Template:Grc-transl
αἵ
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl
Genitive οὗ
Template:Grc-transl
οἷν
Template:Grc-transl
ὧν
Template:Grc-transl
ἧς
Template:Grc-transl
οἷν (αἷν)
Template:Grc-transl
ὧν
Template:Grc-transl
οὗ
Template:Grc-transl
οἷν
Template:Grc-transl
ὧν
Template:Grc-transl
Dative
Template:Grc-transl
οἷν
Template:Grc-transl
οἷς
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl
οἷν (αἷν)
Template:Grc-transl
αἷς
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl
οἷν
Template:Grc-transl
οἷς
Template:Grc-transl
Accusative ὅν
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl
οὕς
Template:Grc-transl
ἥν
Template:Grc-transl
ὥ (ἅ)
Template:Grc-transl
ἅς
Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl

Template:Grc-transl

Numerals[edit | edit source]

  • The numerals from one to four are declined.
1
εἱςμίαἑν
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl
2
δύο
Template:Grc-transl
3
τρεῖςτρία
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl
4
τέσσαρεςτέσσαρα
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl
τέτταρεςτέτταρα
Template:Grc-translTemplate:Grc-transl
Singular Dual Plural Plural
Masculine Feminine Neuter Three genders masc.fem. Neuter masc.fem. Neuter
Nominative εἷς
Template:Grc-transl
μία
Template:Grc-transl
ἕν
Template:Grc-transl
δύο
Template:Grc-transl
τρεῖς
Template:Grc-transl
τρία
Template:Grc-transl
τέσσαρες
Template:Grc-transl
τέτταρες
Template:Grc-transl
τέσσαρα
Template:Grc-transl
τέτταρα
Template:Grc-transl
Genitive ἑνός
Template:Grc-transl
μιᾶς
Template:Grc-transl
ἑνός
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δυοῖν (δύο)
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τριῶν
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τεσσάρων
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τεττάρων
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Dative ἑνί
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μιᾷ
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ἑνί
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δυοῖν (δύο)
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τρισί(ν)
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τέσσαρσι(ν)
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τέτταρσι(ν)
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Accusative ἕνα
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μίαν
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ἕν
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δύο
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τρεῖς
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τρία
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τέσσαρας
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τέτταρας
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τέσσαρα
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τέτταρα
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References[edit | edit source]