|Part of the Politics series|
The alt-right, or alternative right, is a loosely defined group of people with far-right ideologies who reject mainstream conservatism in favor of white nationalism. White supremacist Richard Spencer initially promoted the term in 2010 in reference to a movement centered on white nationalism and did so according to the Associated Press to disguise overt racism, white supremacism, neo-fascism and neo-Nazism. The term drew considerable media attention and controversy during and after the 2016 United States presidential election.
Alt-right beliefs have been described as isolationist, protectionist, antisemitic and white supremacist, frequently overlapping with Neo-Nazism, nativism and Islamophobia, antifeminism, misogyny and homophobia, right-wing populism and the neoreactionary movement. The concept has further been associated with several groups from American nationalists, neo-monarchists, men's rights advocates and the 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump.
The alt-right has its roots on Internet websites such as 4chan and 8chan, where anonymous members create and use Internet memes to express their ideologies. It is difficult to tell how much of what people write in these venues is serious and how much is intended to provoke outrage. Members of the alt-right use websites like Alternative Right, Twitter, Breitbart and Reddit to convey their message. Alt-right postings generally support the policies of Donald Trump and Mike Pence and oppose immigration, multiculturalism and political correctness.
The alt-right has also had a significant influence on conservative thought in the United States, such as the Sailer Strategy for winning political support, along with having close ties to the Trump Administration. It has been listed as a key reason for Trump's win in the 2016 election. The Trump administration includes several figures who are associated with the alt-right, such as former White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon. In 2016, Bannon described Breitbart as "the platform for the alt-right", with the goal of promoting the ideology.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
In November 2008, self-described paleoconservative philosopher Paul Gottfried addressed the H. L. Mencken Club about what he called "the alternative right". This was republished in December under the title "The Decline and Rise of the Alternative Right" in the conservative Taki's Magazine, making this the earliest published usage of the phrase in its current context according to Slate. In 2009, two more posts at Taki's Magazine, by Patrick J. Ford and Jack Hunter, further discussed the alternative right. However, the term is most commonly attributed to Richard B. Spencer, president of the National Policy Institute and founder of Alternative Right.
Beliefs[edit | edit source]
The Associated Press stated:
“The 'alt-right' or 'alternative right' is a name currently embraced by some white supremacists and white nationalists to refer to themselves and their ideology, which emphasizes preserving and protecting the white race in the United States in addition to, or over, other traditional conservative positions such as limited government, low taxes and strict law-and-order. The movement has been described as a mix of racism, white nationalism and populism ... criticizes "multiculturalism" and more rights for non-whites, women, Jews, Muslims, gays, immigrants and other minorities. Its members reject the American democratic ideal that all should have equality under the law regardless of creed, gender, ethnic origin or race.”
There is no formal organization and it is not clear if the alt-right can be considered a movement, according to a 2016 description in the Columbia Journalism Review: "Because of the nebulous nature of anonymous online communities, nobody's entirely sure who the alt-righters are and what motivates them. It's also unclear which among them are true believers and which are smart-ass troublemakers trying to ruffle feathers". Many of its own proponents often claim they are joking or seeking to provoke an outraged response. Andrew Marantz of The New Yorker describes it as "a label, like 'snob' or 'hipster,' that is often disavowed by people who exemplify it".
It has been said to include elements of white nationalism, white supremacism, antisemitism, right-wing populism, nativism and the neoreactionary movement. Andrew Marantz includes "neo-monarchists, masculinists, conspiracists, belligerent nihilists". Newsday columnist Cathy Young noted the alt-right's strong opposition to both legal and illegal immigration and its hard-line stance on the European migrant crisis. Robert Tracinski of The Federalist has written that the alt-right opposes miscegenation and advocates collectivism as well as tribalism. Nicole Hemmer stated on NPR that political correctness is seen by the alt-right as "the greatest threat to their liberty".
Milo Yiannopoulos claims that some "young rebels" are drawn to the alt-right not for deeply political reasons but "because it promises fun, transgression, and a challenge to social norms". According to The New Yorker, "testing the strength of the speech taboos that revolve around conventional politics-of what can be said, and how directly", is a major component of alt-right identity. The beliefs that make the alt-right perceptible as a movement "are in their essence not matters of substance but of style", and the alt-right's tone may just be concealing "a more familiar politics".
Ties to white nationalism[edit | edit source]
White supremacist Richard Spencer coined the term in 2010 in reference to a movement centered on white nationalism and has been accused by some media publications of doing so to excuse overt racism, white supremacism and neo-Nazism. Spencer has described the alt-right as “identity politics for white Americans and for Europeans around the world".
While the label of white nationalism is disputed by some political commentators including Allum Bokhari and Milo Yiannopoulos, alt-right figures such as Andrew Anglin of neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer and Marcus Halberstram of Fash the Nation have embraced the term as the core philosophy their movement is based on. In response to a Washington Post article that portrayed the movement as "offensiveness for the sake of offensiveness", Anglin said: "No it isn't. The goal is to ethnically cleanse White nations of non-Whites and establish an authoritarian government. Many people also believe that the Jews should be exterminated".
Anti-feminism[edit | edit source]
The alt-right is often described as "misogynistic" and supporting an "anti-woman" view. Opposition to feminism and intersectionality are common. The alt-right has a significant overlap in supporters with the men's rights movement.
According to The Daily Stormer: "As with the claim that 'all races are equal,' the claim that 'men and women are equal' is looked at as entirely ridiculous by the Alt-Right. We believe in abolishing feminism and reestablishing traditional gender roles in society, a process which would involve sending women back to the home to produce and raise children, largely removing them from the workplace".
History[edit | edit source]
According to economist Jeffrey Tucker of the Foundation for Economic Education, the alt-right "inherits a long and dreary tradition of thought from Friedrich Hegel to Thomas Carlyle to Oswald Spengler to Madison Grant to Othmar Spann to Giovanni Gentile to Trump's speeches". He states that alt-right proponents "look back to what they imagine to be a golden age when elites ruled and peons obeyed" and believe that "identity is everything and the loss of identity is the greatest crime against self anyone can imagine".
In March 2016, Breitbart News writers Allum Bokhari and Milo Yiannopoulos published a piece on the alt-right, which CNN described as being similar to a manifesto. In that article, they described the alt-right as being derived from the Old Right of the United States as well from various New Right movements of Europe, citing the movement has been influenced by Oswald Spengler, Henry Louis Mencken, Julius Evola and modern influences such as paleoconservatives Patrick J. Buchanan and Samuel T. Francis. Jeet Heer of The New Republic likewise identifies the alt-right as having ideological origins among paleoconservatives, particularly with respect to its positions restricting immigration and supporting an openly nationalistic foreign policy.
An analysis by The Guardian described the ethno-nationalism of the New Right as the alt-right's progenitor. Writing in the Washington Post, Matthew Sheffield said the alt-right has also been influenced by anarcho-capitalist and paleolibertarian theorist Murray Rothbard, specifically in regards to his theorizing on race and democracy and had previously rallied behind Ron Paul in 2008. Anarcho-capitalist Jeffrey Tucker has said the alt-right is opposed to libertarianism because the alt-right focuses on group identity and tribalism instead of individual liberty. American professor and scholar Benjamin R. Teitelbaum compares the alt-right in the United States to identitarianism in Europe and notes that both were influenced by thinkers in the French New Right or Nouvelle Droite.
Trump presidential campaign[edit | edit source]
The term drew considerable media attention and controversy during the 2016 presidential election, particularly after Trump appointed Breitbart News chair Steven Bannon as CEO of the Trump campaign in August. Steve Bannon referred to Breitbart News as "the platform for the alt-right". The alt-right was exceedingly vocal in support for Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign. During the campaign, Hillary Clinton attacked the alt-right as "racist ideas ... anti-Muslim, anti-immigrant, anti-women ideas" and accused Trump of taking the alt-right "mainstream".
Media attention grew after the election, particularly during a post-election celebratory meeting near the White House hosted by Richard Spencer. Spencer used several Nazi propaganda terms during a meeting and closed with "Hail Trump, hail our people, hail victory". In response, supporters of Spencer gave the Nazi salute and chanted in a similar fashion to the Sieg Heil chant used at the Nuremberg rallies. Spencer defended the conduct, stating that the Nazi salute was given in a spirit of "irony and exuberance". Following the episode, the Associated Press described the "alt-right" label as "currently embraced by some white supremacists and white nationalists" that "may exist primarily as a public-relations device to make its supporters' actual beliefs less clear and more acceptable to a broader audience". The AP said that it has previously called such beliefs "racist, neo-Nazi or white supremacist".
Reactions[edit | edit source]
|Part of a series on|
Template:Neo-fascism Although some conservatives have welcomed the alt-right, others on the mainstream right and left have criticized it as racist or hateful, particularly given its hostility towards mainstream liberalism and conservatism.
In The Federalist, conservative political scientist Nathanael Blake stated that Christianity and Greco-Roman philosophy, rather than race, are the foundations upon which Western Civilization was built and that the alt-right is actually attacking Western Civilization rather than defending it.
Writing for National Review, David A. French called alt-right proponents "wanna-be fascists" and bemoaned their entry into the national political conversation. Writing for The Weekly Standard, Benjamin Welton instead described the alt-right as a "highly heterogeneous force" that "turns the left's moralism on its head and makes it a badge of honor to be called 'racist,' 'homophobic,' and 'sexist'".
Writing for The New Yorker, Benjamin Wallace-Wells described it as a "loosely assembled far-right movement", but said that its differences from the conventional right-wing in American politics are more a matter of style than of substance: "One way to understand the alt-right is not as a movement but as a collective experiment in identity, in the same way that many people use anonymity on the Internet to test more extreme versions of themselves".
In December 2016, artist Arrington de Dionyso, whose murals are frequently displayed at the Comet Ping Pong pizzeria, described the alt-right's on-line campaign of harassment against him in detail and averred of the attacks in general: "I think it's a very deliberate assault, which will eventually be a coordinated assault on all forms of free expression". The Pizzagate conspiracy theory has drawn comparisons with the Gamergate controversy. A wave of threats against Jewish Community Centers starting in 2017 were blamed on the alt-right in a January 2017 article by Slate's Elissa Strauss, who said members of the alt-right viewed them as "a practical joke".
The activist group Stop Normalizing, which opposes the normalization of terms like alt-right, developed the "Stop Normalizing Alt Right" Chrome extension. The extension went viral shortly after the release of Stop Normalizing's website. The extension changes the term "alt-right" on webpages to "white supremacy". The extension and group were founded by a New York-based advertising and media professional under the pseudonym George Zola.
Many alt-right populist media figures criticized Trump's 2017 Shayrat missile strike reversal of policy towards war in Syria and the Middle East. Ann Coulter pointed out that Trump "campaigned on not getting involved in Mideast" and this was one of the reasons many voted for him. 
Commentary[edit | edit source]
In National Review in April 2016, Ian Tuttle wrote:
“The Alt-Right has evangelized over the last several months primarily via a racist and antisemitic online presence. But for Allum Bokhari and Milo Yiannopoulos, the alt-right consists of fun-loving provocateurs, valiant defenders of Western civilization, daring intellectuals—and a handful of neo-Nazis keen on a Final Solution 2.0, but there are only a few of them, and nobody likes them anyways.”
Bokhari and Yiannopoulos describe Jared Taylor (founder of American Renaissance) and Richard B. Spencer (founder of Alternative Right) as representative of intellectuals in the alt-right. Writing in The Federalist, Cathy Young stated that the website Radix Journal had replaced the Alternative Right website and describes a Radix Journal article on abortion which proclaimed that the pro-life position is "'dysgenic,' since it encourages breeding by 'the least intelligent and responsible' women". Kevin B. MacDonald is also mentioned as an alt-right thinker.
In Newsday, Young called the alt-right "a nest of anti-Semitism" inhabited by "white supremacists" who regularly use "repulsive bigotry". Chris Hayes on All In with Chris Hayes described alt-right as a euphemistic term for "essentially modern-day white supremacy". BuzzFeed reporter Rosie Gray described the alt-right as "white supremacy perfectly tailored for our times", saying that it uses "aggressive rhetoric and outright racial and anti-Semitic slurs" and that it has "more in common with European far-right movements than American ones". Writing for Haaretz, Yishai Schwartz described the alt-right as "vitriolically anti-Semitic" by saying that "The 'alternative' that the alt-right presents is, in large part, an alternative to acceptance of Jews" and warned that it must be taken seriously as a threat. Also writing for Haaretz, Chemi Shalev, has observed that alt-right supporters of Trump "despise Jewish liberals with same venom that Israeli right detests Jewish leftists".
On August 25, 2016 Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton gave a speech accusing Republican candidate Donald Trump of "helping a radical fringe take over the Republican Party". She identified this radical fringe with the alt-right and noted that Trump's campaign chief executive Steve Bannon has described his Breitbart News Network as "the platform for the alt-right". Some members of the group were delighted and described Clinton's speech as "free publicity", noted that Google searches peaked afterward and suggested that millions of people were hearing of the movement "for the very first time".
On September 9, several figures of the alt-right community held a press conference, described by one reporter as the "coming-out party" of the little-known movement, to explain their goals. They proclaimed racialist beliefs by stating: "Race is real, race matters, and race is the foundation of identity". Speakers called for a "White Homeland" and expounded on racial differences in intelligence. They also confirmed their support of Trump by saying: "This is what a leader looks like".
Use of memes[edit | edit source]
The alt-right's use of Internet memes to express and advance its beliefs, often on websites such as 4chan, 8chan and The Daily Stormer, has been widely reported. Among the most widely used are the following terms:
- "Cuckservative", a portmanteau of "cuckold" and "conservative".
- Triple parentheses or "echoes" to identify and target Jews online, which originated on the neo-Nazi podcast The Daily Shoah.
- Variations of the Pepe the Frog and "Emperor Trump" memes popular in alt-right circles, leading to references of "Nazi Frogs" in the media. These variants of the Pepe the Frog meme attracted significant media attention after the meme was criticized in an article published on Hillary Clinton's campaign website.
- Satirical worship of the Ancient Egyptian deity Kek has become associated with alt-right politics, as well as satirical nationalism of the nonexistent nation of "Kekistan".
- The use of alt-right music such as Trumpwave and fashwave, which is a right-wing subgenre of vaporwave.
- The use of "Deus Vult!" and various other crusader iconography as a means of expressing Islamophobia.
- Ironic support of the Black Egyptian hypothesis, often using stereotypical African-American vernacular such as "We wuz kangz n shieet."
- The use of the phrase "dindu nuffin", a bastardization of "Didn't do nothing", in reference to claims of innocence for African-American victims of police violence, especially about Eric Garner and Michael Brown.
- Various alt-right memes play with the documented killings of leftist by being dropped of helicopters by the Pinochet's and the Argentine junta. These memes endorse the killings.
The prevalence of memes in alt-right circles has led some commentators to question whether the alt-right is a serious movement rather than just an alternative way to express traditionally conservative beliefs, with Chava Gourarie of the Columbia Journalism Review stating that provoking a media reaction to these memes is for some creators an end in itself. Marc Hetherington, professor of Political Science at Vanderbilt University, sees these memes as an effort to legitimize racist views.
Alt-left[edit | edit source]
"Alt-left" is a term used by some conservatives to refer to people and social activist groups aligned to the left of the political center-left as a contrast to the far-right. The term became known for its use by President Donald Trump in an August 15, 2017 press conference at New York City's Trump Tower. While doubling-down on his initial statement in response to the vehicle-ramming attack against rally counter-protestors committed by a 20-year-old white nationalist during the August 12 Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia (in which he stated that there was "blame on both sides" for the violence at the rally), Trump criticized what he called the "very, very violent ... alt-left", contrasting them with the alt-right.
Its usage later spread around some conservative circles, after its use by Fox News Channel host Sean Hannity to suggest the existence of a similar ideological fringe movement on the political left. According to George Hawley, an assistant professor of political science at the University of Alabama, no such label has been adopted by any members of the progressive left.
Both the term itself and the concept of an "alt-left" as an opposite-but-equal mirror of the alt-right have generated controversy for "likening" the "socialist critics" of neo-Nazism "to neo-Nazis". The term has also been criticized as a label that unlike alt-right was not coined by the group it purports to describe, but rather was created by political opponents as a political smear implying a false equivalence. While acknowledging that there are anti-fascism activists on the left who engage in physical confrontation against members of the far-right, Oren Segal, director of the Anti-Defamation League's Center on Extremism, concurred that no equivalent to those who identify as being part of the "alt-right" exists, stating that anti-fascist groups were not consciously aiming to brand themselves in the manner that white supremacists, neo-Nazis and other members of the far-right had undertaken to mainstream their ideology. According to Mark Pitcavage, an analyst at the Anti Defamation League, the term was invented to suggest a false equivalence between the alt-right and their opponents. The Washington Post stated the term originated on websites promoting conspiracy theories such as WorldNetDaily.
In a Los Angeles Times article, historian Timothy D. Snyder stated that "'alt-right' is a term … meant to provide a fresh label that would sound more attractive than 'Nazi,' 'neo-Nazi,' 'white supremacist,' or 'white nationalist.' With 'alt-left' it's a different story. There is no group that labels itself that way. There are a few people who have decided to resist Nazis with violence, but they are not representative of the much larger group of Americans who oppose racism". Professor Thomas J. Main commented on the alt-right by saying: "They don't think blacks and Jews should have equal rights. On the left, there is nothing analogous". Washington Post writer Aaron Blake says that unlike the alt-right, "alt-left" was "coined by its opponents and doesn't actually have any subscribers".
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- *Peoples, Steve (July 24, 2016). "Energized white supremacists cheer Trump convention message". Associated Press (Cleveland, OH). http://bigstory.ap.org/article/70541105d2f149cc9b7b6951d8a13e7a/energized-white-supremacists-cheer-trump-convention-message.
- Wines, Michael; Saul, Stephanie (July 5, 2015). "White Supremacists Extend Their Reach Through Websites". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/06/us/white-supremacists-extend-their-reach-through-websites.html.
- Gelin, Martin (November 13, 2014). "White Flight: America's white supremacists are ignored at home. So they are looking to start over with a little help from Europe's far right". Slate (Budapest, Hungary). http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/foreigners/2014/11/jared_taylor_richard_spencer_and_american_white_supremacists_in_europe_why.html.
- Chris Welch and Sara Ganim, White Supremacist Richard Spencer: 'We reached tens of millions of people' with video, CNN, December 6, 2016. "Now Spencer, a 38-year-old white supremacist and founder of the so-called alt-right movement, is taking his rhetoric on the road..."
- Mangan, Katherine. "A push to 'expand white privilege': Richard B. Spencer president, National Policy Institute, a white-supremacist group." The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 9, 2016, A6+.
- Zalman, Jonathan. "Neo-Nazi Website Tells Readers to 'Take Action' Against Jews on Behalf of Richard Spencer's Mother in Montana." Tablet Magazine, December 19, 2016. "Critics of Richard Spencer the white supremacist, alt-right leader who dreams of an "ethno-state"are making their voices heard..."
- "Campus clashes as US white supremacist gives speech." London Evening Standard [London, England], December 7, 2016, p. 22. "Hundreds of demonstrators clashed with riot police at a protest against a white supremacist's speech at a leading American university. Richard Spencer, who gained notoriety for holding a so-called "alt-right" meeting celebrating Donald Trump's election triumph with Nazi rhetoric, told students attending the speech at the Texas A&M University last night: 'At the end of the day, America belongs to white men.'"
- Gretel Kauffman, "Donald Trump again disavows so-called alt-right supporters", Christian Science Monitor, November 23, 2016. "Richard Spencer, coiner of the term "alt-right" and head of the white supremacist National Policy Institute..."
- Gretel Kauffman, "White supremacists convene in celebration of Trump victory", Christian Science Monitor, November 20, 2016. The annual conference of the National Policy Institute, a white supremacist think tank, experienced a rise in attendance this year... 'It's been an awakening,' Richard Spencer, president of the National Policy Institute, said at the conference."
- Daniszewski, John (November 26, 2016). "Writing about the 'alt-right'". Associated Press. https://blog.ap.org/behind-the-news/writing-about-the-alt-right.
- "AP Definitive Source | How to describe extremists who rallied in Charlottesville". blog.ap.org. Retrieved 2017-08-16.
- Spencer, Richard (August 6, 2008). "The Conservative Write". Taki's Magazine. http://takimag.com/article/the_conservative_write#axzz4JRcIyz7D.
- O'Grady, Jeremy (October 1, 2016). "The rise of the alt-right". The Week. http://theweek.com/articles/651929/rise-altright.
- Matthews, Dylan (April 18, 2016). "The alt-right is more than warmed-over white supremacy. It's that, but way way weirder.". VOX. https://www.vox.com/2016/4/18/11434098/alt-right-explained. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
- Ohlheiser, Abby (June 3, 2016). "Anti-Semitic Trump supporters made a giant list of people to target with a racist meme". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2016/06/03/anti-semitic-trump-supporters-made-a-giant-list-of-people-to-target-with-a-racist-meme/.
- Sarlin, Benjy (August 25, 2016). "5 Things to Know About the 'Alt-Right'". NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2016-election/hillary-clinton-delivering-speech-alt-right-what-s-n637701. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- McAfee, Tierney (August 25, 2016). "What Is the Alt-Right Anyway? A User's Guide". People. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Krieg, Gregory (August 25, 2016). "Clinton is attacking the 'Alt-Right' – What is it?". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/08/25/politics/alt-right-explained-hillary-clinton-donald-trump/. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Hess, Amanda (June 10, 2016). "For the Alt-Right, the Message Is in the Punctuation". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/11/arts/for-the-alt-right-the-message-is-in-the-punctuation.html.
- Romo, Vanessa (September 6, 2017). "'Ghost Skins' And Masculinity: Alt-Right Terms, Defined". NPR. http://www.npr.org/2017/09/06/548858850/-ghost-skins-and-masculinity-alt-right-terms-defined.
- Becker, Amanda. "Clinton to accuse Trump of embracing nativist political movement". Reuters. https://www.yahoo.com/news/clinton-accuse-trump-embracing-nativist-political-movement-102052962.html?ref=gs.
- Walsh, Joan (July 20, 2016). "Islamophobes, White Supremacists, and Gays for Trump–the Alt-Right Arrives at the RNC". The Nation. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
At the self-described “most fab party at the RNC” Tuesday night, Islamophobe provocateur Pamela Geller, not renowned as a stand-up comedian, opened with a joke... Before Geller and Yiannopolous spoke, the crowd welcomed the notorious Dutch politician Geert Wilders, who runs the anti-immigrant Dutch Party for Freedom. Wilders, a Trump admirer, was banned from entering Britain in 2009 for his Islamophobia (the decision was reversed in 2010) but was welcome here in Cleveland. An exhilarated Richard Spencer, a leading white nationalist who coined the term “alt-right,” introduced himself to me just as Milo began to speak. 'This is the alt-right convention!...' At this first “alt-right convention,” most of the influentials weren’t known to the public. They’re hoping that will change, under President Donald J. Trump.
- "The rise of the alt-right". The Week. October 1, 2016. http://theweek.com/articles/651929/rise-altright.
- Hassan, Adeel (September 23, 2016). "Candy, Hashtags and Hate". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/23/us/skittles-pepe-alt-right-echo-stop-islam-explained.html.
- Lynch, Conor (June 14, 2016). "With their Orlando response, Trump and the alt-right are playing directly into the hands of ISIS". Salon. http://www.salon.com/2016/06/14/with_their_orlando_response_trump_and_the_alt_right_are_playing_directly_into_the_hands_of_isis/.
- "What You Need To Know About The Alt-Right Movement". NPR.org. August 26, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- Main, Thomas J. (August 25, 2016). "What's the Alt-Right?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- Signorile, Michelangelo (September 21, 2016). "Donald Trump's Hate-Fueled, Alt-Right Army Hates 'Faggots' Too". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (May 5, 2016). "Is the Alt-Right for real?". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/news/benjamin-wallace-wells/is-the-alt-right-for-real.
- Wilson, Jason (August 23, 2016). "'A sense that white identity is under attack': making sense of the alt-right". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/aug/23/alt-right-movement-white-identity-breitbart-donald-trump. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- Brodeur, Michael. "What’s ‘alt-’ about the alt-right?". The Boston Globe.
- "Men’s-Rights Activists Are Finding a New Home With the Alt-Right". New York Magazine. December 14, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Marantz, Andrew (October 31, 2016). "Trolls for Trump". New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/10/31/trolls-for-trump. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Kivanç, Jake (June 15, 2016). "Nero, Nazis, and the New Far Right: The Phenomena of the Professional Troll". Vice. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- Gourarie, Chava (August 30, 2016). "How the ‘alt-right’ checkmated the media". Columbia Journalism Review.
- Hunt, Elle (July 20, 2016). "Milo Yiannopoulos, rightwing writer, permanently banned from Twitter". The Guardian (London). https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/20/milo-yiannopoulos-nero-permanently-banned-twitter. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Hafner, Josh (August 26, 2016). "For the Record: For Trump, everything's going to be alt-right". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2016/08/26/record-trump-everythings-going-alt-right/89376208/. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Roy, Jessica (November 21, 2016). "Neo-Nazi 'alt-right' crowd cheers the president-elect with 'Hail Trump'". The Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/trailguide/la-na-trailguide-updates-neo-nazi-alt-right-crowd-cheers-the-1479774847-htmlstory.html.
- Posner, Sarah (October 18, 2016). "Meet the Alt-Right 'Spokesman' Who's Thrilled With Trump's Rise". RollingStone. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- Sullivan, Kevin (November 10, 2016). "The alt-right supported Trump. Now its members want him to satisfy their demands.". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/the-alt-right-used-to-be-ignored-now-theyre-courting-a-president-elect/2016/11/10/746341d8-a75b-11e6-8fc0-7be8f848c492_story.html.
- Rosen, Armin (April 1, 2016). "Who Are Trump’s Alt-Right Supporters?". Tablet Magazine. http://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/199098/who-are-trumps-alt-right-supporters.
- Sevastopulo, Demetri. "‘Alt-right’ movement makes mark on US presidential election". Financial Times.(Subscription required.)
- Willick, Park MacDougald, Jason. "The Man Who Invented Identity Politics for the New Right" (in en). Daily Intelligencer. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/04/steve-sailer-invented-identity-politics-for-the-alt-right.html.
- Sabisky, Andrew (November 10, 2016). "I predicted Trump could win back in January 2015". International Business Times UK. http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/if-you-didnt-think-trump-could-win-you-werent-watching-closely-enough-1590700.
- "The alt-right Leninist". www.newstatesman.com. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
- Posner, Sarah (August 22, 2016). "How Donald Trump's New Campaign Chief Created an Online Haven for White Nationalists". Mother Jones. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/08/stephen-bannon-donald-trump-alt-right-breitbart-news. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- Gottfried, Paul (January 22, 2016). "The Decline and Rise of the Alternative Right". The Unz Review. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- "The Decline and Rise of the Alternative Right" --TAKImag
- Theodoracopulos, Taki (July 27, 2009). "Economism in the Alt Right". Taki's Magazine. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Piggott, Stephen. "Is Breitbart.com Becoming the Media Arm of the 'Alt-Right'?". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- "Alt Right: A Primer about the New White Supremacy". Anti-Defamation League. Archived from the original on June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- Wendling, Mike. "Trump's shock troops: Who are the 'alt-right'?". BBC News. http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-37021991.
- Posner, Sarah (February 24, 2017). "CPAC's Flirtation With the Alt-Right Is Turning Awkward". Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/features/cpacs-flirtation-with-the-alt-right-is-turning-awkward-w468748.
- Young, Cathy (January 25, 2016). "Donald Trump's rant against political correctness is comfort food to racists". Newsday. http://www.newsday.com/opinion/columnists/cathy-young/donald-trump-s-rant-against-political-correctness-is-comfort-food-to-racists-1.11391400. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Tracinski, Robert (April 4, 2016). "Yes, the Alt-Right Are Just a Bunch of Racists". The Federalist. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
- Is the Alt-Right for Real?, The New Yorker, May 5, 2016
- Ehrenfreund, Max (November 21, 2016). "What the alt-right really wants, according to a professor writing a book about them". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/11/21/what-the-alt-right-really-wants-according-to-a-professor-writing-a-book-about-them. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Posner, Sarah (October 18, 2016). "Meet the Alt-Right 'Spokesman' Who's Thrilled With Trump's Rise". Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/features/meet-the-alt-right-spokesman-thrilled-by-trumps-rise-w443902.
- Lombroso, Daniel; Appelbaum, Yoni (November 21, 2016). "'Hail Trump!': White Nationalists Salute the President-Elect" (Includes excerpted video). The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/11/richard-spencer-speech-npi/508379/. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Alternative Right". Southern Poverty Law Center. https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/ideology/alternative-right. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (May 5, 2016). "Is the Alt-Right for Real?". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/news/benjamin-wallace-wells/is-the-alt-right-for-real.
- Goldstein, Joseph (November 20, 2016). "Alt-Right Exults in Donald Trump's Election With a Salute: 'Heil Victory'". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/21/us/alt-right-salutes-donald-trump.html.
- Maya Oppenheim (January 23, 2017). "Alt-right leader Richard Spencer worries getting punched will become 'meme to end all memes'". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/alt-right-richard-spencer-punched-anti-donald-trump-protest-meme-pepe-the-frog-inauguration-day-a7541461.html. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "An Establishment Conservative's Guide To The Alt-Right". Breitbart. March 29, 2016. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- "Alt-Right vs. Alt-Wrong". Fash the Nation. September 25, 2016. Archived from the original on October 3, 2016.
One of the things I want to point out very clearly is that we are white nationalists. Period. And without white nationalism the alt-right is nothing... this is extremely important. We're not going to walk back from these principles.
- Anglin, Andrew (September 26, 2016). "Milo Attacks Daily Stormer and Fash the Nation, Says Alt-Right is Only 2–5% of the Alt-Right". The Daily Stormer.
- Nesbit, Jeff (September 12, 2016). "What Is the Alt-Right?". U.S. News and World Report. Archived from the original on November 21, 2016.
- Hankes, Keegan (August 25, 2016). "Whose Alt-Right Is It Anyway?". Southern Poverty Law Center.
- Tucker, Jeffrey (August 26, 2016). "Five Differences Between the Alt-Right and Libertarianism". Foundation for Economic Education. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- Krieg, Gregory. "Clinton is attacking the 'Alt-Right'—What is it?". CNN.
- Heer, Jeet (January 22, 2016). "National Review Fails to Kill Its Monster". The New Republic. https://newrepublic.com/article/128176/national-review-fails-kill-monster.
- Weigel, David. "What's the alt-right? A primer". Washington Post.
- Heather Digby Parton (August 25, 2016). "The disturbing dawn of the alt-right: Donald Trump's the leader of a dark movement in America". Salon.
- Sheffield, Matthew. "Where did Donald Trump get his racialized rhetoric? From libertarians.". Washington Post.
- Teitelbaum, Benjamin R. 2017, "Lions of the North: Sounds of the New Nordic Radical Nationalism". pp. 46.
- Herrman, John (February 16, 2017). "YouTube’s Monster: PewDiePie and His Populist Revolt". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/16/magazine/youtubes-monster-pewdiepie-and-his-populist-revolt.html.
- Willick, Park MacDougald, Jason. "The Man Who Invented Identity Politics for the New Right". Daily Intelligencer. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/04/steve-sailer-invented-identity-politics-for-the-alt-right.html.
- "Richard Spencer was expelled from a gym after a professor confronted him over his white nationalist views". Newsweek. May 22, 2017. http://www.newsweek.com/richard-spencer-confronted-professor-over-alt-right-views-and-expelled-gym-613194.
- "Alt-Right ‘PizzaGate Expert’ Starts GoFundMe for Her Podcast, Internet Revolts". Observer. January 30, 2017. http://observer.com/2017/01/gofundme-pizzagate-podcast-brittany-pettibone/.
- "'Alt-Right' Hashtag Spurs Racism, Rebukes During Speech". ABC News.
- Barajas, Joshua. "Nazi salutes 'done in a spirit of irony and exuberance', alt-right leader says". PBS NewsHour. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/white-nationalist. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
- Goldstein, Joseph (November 20, 2016). "Alt-Right Exults in Donald Trump's Election With a Salute: 'Heil Victory'". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/21/us/alt-right-salutes-donald-trump.html.
- Tracinski, Robert. "Yes, The Alt-Right Are Just a Bunch of Racists". The Federalist. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- "An Open Letter to Mitt Romney". The Weekly Standard. http://www.weeklystandard.com/an-open-letter-to-mitt-romney/article/2002732.
- Shapiro, Ben. "The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America: Then and Now". National Review. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/434548/conservative-intellectuals-george-nash-traces-history.
- Blake, Nathanael (18 August 2017). "There Is No Such Thing As White Cultural Heritage. The West’s Legacy Is Open To All". The Federalist. The Federalist. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- French, David (January 26, 2016). "Donald Trump & Alt-Right's Rise – Not Conservatives Fault". National Review. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/430332/donald-trump-alt-right-rise-not-conservatives-fault. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Welton, Benjamin (February 1, 2016). "What, Exactly, is the 'Alternative Right?'". The Weekly Standard. http://www.weeklystandard.com/what-exactly-is-the-alternative-right/article/2000310. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Hawley, George (January 25, 2016). Right-Wing Critics of American Conservatism. University Press of Kansas. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-7006-2193-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=bTD4jgEACAAJ.
- "Trump disavows 'alt-right' supporters". BBC News. November 22, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38069469. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Woolf, Nicky (November 23, 2016). "Donald Trump's 'alt-right' supporters express dismay at disavowal". The Guardian. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- de Dionyso, Arrington (December 13, 2016). "How I became a target of the alt-right: What it's like to be targeted by Neo-Nazis and supporters of Donald Trump online—and what I learned from it".
- Murphy, Blair (December 22, 2016). "Artist Targeted by #Pizzagate Conspiracy Theory Speaks: After being dragged into one of 2016's strangest news stories over a mural he made six years ago, Arrington de Dionyso took a public stand against far-right extremists' mob censorship.". Hyperallergic.
- Strauss, Elissa (January 19, 2017). "The JCC Bomb Threats Confirm That Jewish Parents Are Right to Be Afraid". Slate. http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2017/01/19/the_jcc_bomb_threats_confirm_that_jewish_parents_are_right_to_be_afraid.html. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Stop Normalizing Alt Right". chrome.google.com. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- Mascali, Nikki M. (November 29, 2016). "Google Chrome now includes a 'Stop Normalizing Alt-Right' browser extension". Metro. http://www.metro.us/news/google-chrome-now-includes-a-stop-normalizing-alt-right-browser-extension/zsJpkC---MIXTy1WaggZU/.
- Hinchliffe, Emma. "Timely browser extension replaces 'alt-right' with 'white supremacy'". Mashable. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- "Chrome extension changes 'alt-right' to 'white supremacy'". NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/new-chrome-extension-changes-alt-right-white-supremacy-n689881.
- "Chrome extension changes 'alt-right' to 'white supremacy'" (in en-GB). The Independent. November 29, 2016. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/alt-right-chrome-extension-stop-normalising-hate-white-supremacy-neo-nazi-a7445671.html.
- Magazine, Paper (November 29, 2016). "This Google Chrome Extension Rightfully Replaces "Alt-Right" with "White Supremacy"". PAPERMAG. http://www.papermag.com/this-new-google-chrome-extension-replaces-alt-right-2118219534.html.
- Editor, Lilly Workneh Black Voices Senior; Post, The Huffington (November 28, 2016). "Google Chrome Extension Replaces 'Alt-Right' With 'White Supremacy'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- "Reddit shuts down 'alt-right' subreddit" (in en). CNET. https://www.cnet.com/news/reddit-bans-alt-right-subreddit/.
- Hern, Alex (February 2, 2017). "Reddit bans far-right groups altright and alternativeright" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/feb/02/reddit-bans-far-right-groups-altright-alternativeright.
- Labott, Elise; Gaouette, Nicole (April 8, 2017). "After Syria strike, populist supporters abandon Trump at home and abroad". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2017/04/07/politics/donald-trump-syria-populist-support/index.html. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
- "After Syria strike, some Trump supporters doubt his 'America First' priorities". WJLA-TV. April 7, 2017. http://wjla.com/news/nation-world/after-syria-strike-some-trump-supporters-doubt-his-america-first-priorities.
- Anthony, Charles (April 7, 2017). "Trump supporters are not happy about missile strikes on Syria". Middle East Eye. http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/supporters-donald-trump-twitter-are-not-happy-about-syria-airstrikes-347730596. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- Hern, Salvador; Reporter, ez BuzzFeed News. "Alt-Right And White Nationalist Supporters Led Tense Protests Against Trump's Airstrikes on Syria". BuzzFeed. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
- Ahmed, Akbar Shahid (April 8, 2017). "Syria's Assad Is Still Attracting Support From Some Leftists And 'Alt-Right' Nationalists". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
- Haag, Matthew (April 7, 2017). "Trump’s Far-Right Supporters Turn on Him Over Syria Strike". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
- Collins, Ben (April 7, 2017). "Alt-Right Turns on ‘Neo-Con Puppet’ Trump After Bombing Syria". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
- Gray, Rosie (April 7, 2017). "Trump’s Disillusioned Supporters". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
- Tuttle, Ian. "The Racist Moral Rot at the Heart of the Alt-Right". National Review. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/433650/alt-rights-racism-moral-rot. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- Young, Cathy. "You Can't Whitewash The Alt-Right's Bigotry". The Federalist. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- "All In with Chris Hayes, Transcript 12/9/2015". MSNBC. December 9, 2015. http://www.msnbc.com/transcripts/all-in/2015-12-09.
- Smith, Allan (August 25, 2016). "A deep look inside the 'alt-right,' the movement Hillary Clinton just excoriated in a major speech". Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-the-alt-right-2016-8. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
- Gray, Rosie (July 7, 2015). "How 2015 Fueled The Rise Of The Freewheeling, White Nationalist Alt Right Movement – BuzzFeed News". Buzzfeed. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Schwartz, Yishai (May 31, 2016). "Banal, Incoherent, anti-Semitic and pro-Trump: Why We Should Take the Alt-right Seriously". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/1.722413.
- Chemi Shalev (October 6, 2016). "Trump Shows How Right-wingers Can Love Israel and Hate the Jews". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/world-news/u-s-election-2016/.premium-1.746262.
- Eli Stokols (October 13, 2016). "Trump fires up the alt-right". Politico. http://www.politico.com/story/2016/10/donald-trump-full-breitbart-229767. "... the unmistakable imprint of Breitbart News, the 'alt-right' website..."
- Staff (October 1, 2016). "The rise of the alt-right". The Week.
Another major alt-right platform is Breitbart.com, a right-wing news site...
- Will Rahn (August 19, 2016). "Steve Bannon and the alt-right: a primer". CBS News.
Bannon's Breitbart distinguished itself from the rest of the conservative media in two significant ways this cycle... The second was through their embrace of the alt-right...
- Flegenheimer, Matt (August 25, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Says 'Radical Fringe' Is Taking Over G.O.P. Under Donald Trump". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/26/us/politics/hillary-clinton-speech.html. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Harrington, Rebecca (August 26, 2016). "The alt-right movement was practically giddy that Hillary Clinton attacked them in a major speech". Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/alt-right-reaction-hillary-clinton-attack-speech-2016-8. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Weigel, David (September 10, 2016). "Four lessons from the alt-right's D.C. coming-out party". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2016/09/10/four-lessons-from-the-alt-rights-d-c-coming-out-party/. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Levy, Pema (September 9, 2016). "Alt-Right Movement Presents Its Vision for an All-White Society With Trump Paving the Way". Mother Jones. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/09/alt-right-makes-its-main-stream-debut. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Tani, Maxwell (August 25, 2016). "Hillary Clinton: 'A fringe element has effectively taken over the Republican Party'". Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/hillary-clinton-alt-right-donald-trump-speech-2016-8. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Goldberg, Michelle (August 25, 2016). "How the "Hipster Nazis" of the Alt Right Got Big Enough for Hillary Clinton to Denounce Them". Slate. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Singal, Jesse (May 26, 2016). "Explaining Ben Shapiro's Messy, Ethnic-Slur-Laden Breakup With Breitbart". New York. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/05/ben-shapiros-messy-breakup-with-breitbart.html. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- "David Duke and other white supremacists see Trump's rise as way to increase role in mainstream politics". Los Angeles Times. September 29, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Weigel, David. "'Cuckservative' – the conservative insult of the month, explained". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/07/29/cuckservative-the-conservative-insult-of-the-month-explained/.
- Schwartz, Dana (August 1, 2016). "Why Angry White Men Love Calling People “Cucks”". Archived from the original on June 10, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Fleishman, Cooper; Smith, Anthony (June 1, 2016). "(((Echoes))), Exposed: The Secret Symbol Neo-Nazis Use to Target Jews Online". Mic. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- Caffier, Justin (January 25, 2017). "Get to Know the Memes of the Alt-Right and Never Miss a Dog-Whistle Again". VICE. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Suebsaeng, Asawin (November 19, 2016). "White Nationalists and Nazi-Saluting Tila Tequila Toast 'Emperor Trump' in Washington, DC". The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Nuzzi, Olivia (May 25, 2016). "How Pepe the Frog Became a Nazi Trump Supporter and Alt-Right Symbol". The Daily Beast. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/05/26/how-pepe-the-frog-became-a-nazi-trump-supporter-and-alt-right-symbol.html. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Sewer, Adam (September 15, 2016). "It's Not Easy Being Meme". The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/09/its-not-easy-being-green/499892/. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Ohlheiser, Abby (September 14, 2016). "Why Pepe the Frog’s Nazi phase doesn’t worry his creator". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2016/09/14/why-pepe-the-frogs-nazi-phase-doesnt-worry-his-creator/. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
- Thielman, Sam (September 14, 2016). "Pepe the Frog artist supports Clinton 'even though she's talking smack'". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/sep/14/pepe-the-frog-artist-supports-hillary-clinton. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
- Neiwert, David (May 8, 2017). "What the Kek: Explaining the Alt-Right 'Deity' Behind Their 'Meme Magic'". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 19, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "Naked Nigel, the God Kek and modern politics".
- "Cucks & Kek: Racism's Old Guard Reaches Out To An Online Generation".
- "Trumpwave and Fashwave Are Just the Latest Disturbing Examples of the Far-Right Appropriating Electronic Music". Thump. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Frank, Allegra (February 10, 2017). "For Honor’s accidental alt-right connection". Polygon. Archived from the original on June 10, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "The far right’s new fascination with the Middle Ages". Democracy in America (The Economist). January 2, 2017. https://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2017/01/medieval-memes.
- Caffier, Justin (January 25, 2017). "Get to Know the Memes of the Alt-Right and Never Miss a Dog-Whistle Again". VICE. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
The Black Egyptian Hypothesis is a widely disputed theory that the Egyptian pharaohs (and citizens they ruled) were more dark-skinned than how we picture them today. Despite this being a fringe theory, the alt-right has adopted it as another weapon in their arsenal for denigrating black folk. (...) Typical Kings/Kingz/Kangz memes revolve around low-effort posts wherein the poster mockingly asserts that, were it not for (implied nonexistent) white oppression, black people would be royalty.
- Caffier, Justin (January 25, 2017). "Get to Know the Memes of the Alt-Right and Never Miss a Dog-Whistle Again". VICE. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
Look for this phrase primarily in comment sections of stories about slain African Americans. "Dindu nuffin" (often abbreviated as "dindu") is a bastardization of "didn't do nothing," in reference to the claims of innocence that parents, friends, and community members make about the victims of unlawful police shootings. Even in cases not involving police or criminal acts, black people, simply referred to as "dindus," are still the targets of alt-right memes. The presumption of guilt every time a black person is injured or accused of a crime is the small price these white supremacists are willing to pay for the opportunity to mock grieving mothers.
- Caffier, Justin (January 25, 2017). "Get to Know the Memes of the Alt-Right and Never Miss a Dog-Whistle Again". VICE. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
'Death flights' were a common form of extra-judicial execution during the Dirty War in Argentina and following the 1973 Chilean coup wherein dissidents were flown over the ocean in an airplane or helicopter and pushed to their death. From 1976 onward, thousands of political opponents to Argentina's Admiral Luis María Mendía and Chile's Augusto Pinochet were murdered in this manner. This wanton disregard for human life is hilarious to many in the alt-right. Starting in mid 2015, certain boards began suggesting progressive political opponents be given 'helicopter rides.'
- Jonsson, Patrik (August 27, 2016). "Donald Trump's candidacy and the rise of the 'alt-right' movement". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- What is the 'alt Left' that Donald Trump said was 'very violent' in Charlottesville? The Telegraph, 16 Aug 2017.
- Michael D. Shear & Maggie Haberman, A Combative Trump Criticizes 'Alt-Left' Groups in Charlottesville, Washington Post (August 15, 2017)
- Meghan Keneally, Trump lashes out at 'alt-left' in Charlottesville, says 'fine people on both sides', ABC News (August 15, 2017)
- Andrew Rafferty, Trump Says 'Alt-Left' Shares Blame for Charlottesville Rally Violence, NBC News (August 15, 2017).
- Aaron Blake (December 1, 2016). "Introducing the ‘alt-left’: The GOP’s response to its alt-right problem". The Washington Post (Nash Holdings LLC). https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/12/01/meet-the-alt-left-the-gops-response-to-its-alt-right-problem/. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Joe Sterling; Nicole Chavez (August 16, 2017). "What's the 'alt-left'? Experts say it's a 'made-up term'". Time Warner. http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/16/politics/what-is-alt-left/index.html.
- Daniel S. Levine (August 15, 2017). "What Is the Alt-Left? 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy Inc.. http://heavy.com/news/2017/08/alt-left-trump-hannity-antifa-charlottesville-meaning/. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Chris Tognotti (August 15, 2017). "What Is The Alt-Left? Trump Pinned The Charlottesville Violence On Them, Too". https://www.bustle.com/p/what-is-the-alt-left-trump-pinned-the-charlottesville-violence-on-them-too-76849.
- Clio Chang (March 6, 2017). "Liberalism Needs the “Alt-Left”". The New Republic. https://newrepublic.com/article/141143/liberalism-needs-alt-left. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Eric Levitz (March 3, 2017). "Why the Alt-Center Is a Problem, Too". New York Magazine (New York Media, LLC). http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/03/why-the-alt-center-is-a-problem-too.html. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Alex Horton (August 15, 2017). "What is the ‘alt-left,’ which Trump just blamed for some of the violence in Charlottesville?". The Washington Post (Nash Holdings LLC). https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/08/15/what-is-the-alt-left-which-trump-just-blamed-for-some-of-the-violence-in-charlottesville/. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Stack, Liam (August 15, 2017). "Alt-Right, Alt-Left, Antifa: A Glossary of Extremist Language". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/15/us/politics/alt-left-alt-right-glossary.html?mcubz=1. Retrieved September 13, 2017.
- Elizabeth Flock (16 August 2017). "How the term ‘alt-left’ came to be". PBS. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/term-alt-left-came/.
- Lee, Kurtis (6 Aug 2017). "President Trump says the 'alt-left' was partly to blame for the violence at Charlottesville. Wait: What's the alt-left?". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-pol-alt-left-20170816-story.html. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
[edit | edit source]
- The dictionary definition of alt-right at Wiktionary
- Media related to Alt-right at Wikimedia Commons
|This article uses material from Alt-right on Wikipedia, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).|