2017 North Korean nuclear test
|2017 North Korean nuclear test|
|Test site||Coordinates: |
Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site, Kilju County
|Period||12:00:01, 3 September 2017UTC+08:30 (03:30:01 UTC)|
|Number of tests||1|
|Previous test||September 2016 test|
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea conducted its sixth nuclear test on 3 September 2017, stating it was its first test of a thermonuclear weapon (hydrogen bomb). The United States Geological Survey reported an earthquake of 6.3-magnitude not far from North Korea's Punggye-ri nuclear test site. South Korean authorities said the earthquake seemed to be artificial, consistent with a nuclear test. The USGS, as well as China's earthquake administration, reported that the initial event was followed by a second, smaller, earthquake at the site, several minutes later, which was characterized as a collapse of the cavity.
Nuclear device[edit | edit source]
North Korea said that it detonated a hydrogen bomb that could be loaded onto an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the announcement it was claimed that the warhead had a variable yield "the explosive power of which is adjustable from tens kiloton to hundreds kiloton ... which can be detonated even at high altitudes for super-powerful EMP attack". A later technical announcement called the device a "two-stage thermo-nuclear weapon" and stated experimental measurements were fully compatible with the design specification, and there had been no leakage of radioactive materials from the underground nuclear test.
Yield estimates[edit | edit source]
According to the chief of the South Korean parliament's defense committee, Kim Young-Woo, the nuclear yield was equivalent to about 100 kilotons of TNT (100 kt): "The North's latest test is estimated to have a yield of up to 100 kilotons, though it is a provisional report."
On 3 September, South Korea’s weather agency, the Korea Meteorological Administration, estimated that the nuclear blast yield of the presumed test was between 50 to 60 kilotons. In contrast, the independent seismic monitoring agency NORSAR estimated that the blast had a yield of about 120 kilotons, based on a seismic magnitude of 5.8. The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources in Germany estimates a higher yield at "a few hundred kilotons" based on a detected tremor of 6.1 magnitude.
at 03:30 UTC, only a few hundred meters from the four previous tests (2009, 2013, January 2016 and September 2016) with the estimated yield at 108.1 ± 48.1 kt.
On 5 September, the Japanese government gave a yield estimate of about 160 kilotons, based on analysing Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization seismic data, replacing an early estimate of 70 kilotons.
Reactions[edit | edit source]
US President Donald Trump wrote on Twitter: "North Korea has conducted a major Nuclear Test. Their words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the United States". Trump was asked whether the U.S. would attack North Korea and replied: "We'll see." Defense Secretary James Mattis warned North Korea that it would be met with a "massive military response" if it threatened the United States or its allies.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "M 6.3 Explosion – 22 km ENE of Sungjibaegam, North Korea". USGS. 3 September 2017. Archived from the original on 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "Large nuclear test in North Korea on 3 September 2017". NORSAR. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "North Korea's 3 September 2017 Nuclear Test Location and Yield: Seismic Results from USTC". Lianxing Wen's Geography. University of Science and Technology of China. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- Panda, Ankit (6 September 2017). "US Intelligence: North Korea's Sixth Test Was a 140 Kiloton 'Advanced Nuclear' Device". The Diplomat. http://thediplomat.com/2017/09/us-intelligence-north-koreas-sixth-test-was-a-140-kiloton-advanced-nuclear-device/. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- Kemp, Ted (3 September 2017). "North Korea hydrogen bomb: Read the full announcement from Pyongyang". CNBC News. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/09/03/north-korea-hydrogen-bomb-read-the-full-announcement-from-pyongyang.html. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- "North Korea confirms sixth nuclear test". CNN. 3 September 2017. http://www.cnn.com/2017/09/03/asia/north-korea-nuclear-test/index.html. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "North Korea conducts another nuclear test, neighbors say". The Washington Post. 3 September 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/north-korea-apparently-conducts-another-nuclear-test-south-korea-says/2017/09/03/7bce3ff6-905b-11e7-8df5-c2e5cf46c1e2_story.html?utm_term=.a7850bfcc1ec. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "North Korea claims successful hydrogen bomb test". Deutsche Welle. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "North Korea nuclear test: 'Tunnel collapse' may provide clues". BBC News. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "North Korea says it successfully tested hydrogen bomb, marking sixth nuclear test since 2006". ABC News. 3 September 2017. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-03/north-korea-says-it-successfully-tested-hydrogen-bomb/8867568. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "Sixth Nuclear Test Detected at Punggye-ri, Declared to be a Hydrogen Bomb". 38 North (U.S.-Korea Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies). 3 September 2017. http://www.38north.org/2017/09/nuke090317/. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- Ankit Panda, Vipin Narang (5 September 2017). "Welcome to the H-Bomb Club, North Korea". The Diplomat. https://thediplomat.com/2017/09/welcome-to-the-h-bomb-club-north-korea/. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- "Kim inspects 'nuclear warhead': A picture decoded". BBC News. 3 September 2017. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-41139741. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "N. Korea's apparent sixth nuke test estimated to have yield of 100 kilotons: lawmaker". Yonhap. 3 September 2017. http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/news/2017/09/03/0200000000AEN20170903002700315.html.
- "North Korea nuclear test: what we know so far". Guardian. 3 September 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/03/north-korea-nuclear-test-what-we-know-so-far.
- "BGR registers a presumed nuclear test in North Korea". Germany BGR. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "North Korean nuke test put at 160 kilotons as Ishiba urges debate on deploying U.S. atomic bombs". The Japan Times. 5 September 2017. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/09/06/national/north-korean-nuke-test-put-160-kilotons-ishiba-urges-debate-deploying-u-s-atomic-bombs/. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- Pamela Falk (3 September 2017). "U.N. Security Council calls emergency meeting after latest North Korea test". CBS News. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- Eric Talmadge; Foster Klug; Youkyung Lee; Kim Tong-hyung; Gillian Wong; Mari Yamaguchi (3 September 2017). "World Nations Condemn North Korea for Sixth Nuclear Test". Associated Press. Chiangrai Times. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada in response to North Korea's latest testing of a nuclear weapon". Office of the Prime Minister (Press release). September 3, 2017.
- "Philippines, Indonesia condemn North Korea missile". SunStar Manila. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- "Singapore 'strongly condemns' North Korea nuclear test: MFA". Channel NewsAsia. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- "Malaysia strongly condemns North Korea's missile test". The Star. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- Donald J. Trump [realDonaldTrump] (3 September 2017). "North Korea has conducted a major Nuclear Test. Their words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the United States....." (Tweet).
- "North Korea nuclear test: Trump condemns 'hostile' move". BBC News. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- Graham Russell; Tom McCarthy; Nicola Slawson; Melissa Davey (4 September 2017). "North Korea nuclear test: South Korea says it expects more missile launches – live". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- "Mattis warns North Korea of 'massive military response' if it threatens US". The Hill. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
|This article uses material from 2017 North Korean nuclear test on Wikipedia, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).|