2016 Orlando nightclub shooting

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2016 Orlando nightclub shooting
Part of terrorism in the United States
1912 S Orange Ave 2.png
Pulse nightclub in 2006
Location1912 S. Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida, U.S.
Coordinates28°31′10.5″N 81°22′36.5″W / 28.519583°N 81.376806°W / 28.519583; -81.376806Coordinates: 28°31′10.5″N 81°22′36.5″W / 28.519583°N 81.376806°W / 28.519583; -81.376806


DateJune 12, 2016; 4 years ago (2016-06-12)
c. 2:00 a.m. – c. 5:00 a.m. EDT (UTC−04:00)
TargetPatrons of Pulse gay nightclub
Attack type
Mass shooting, hostage-taking
WeaponsSIG Sauer MCX semi-automatic rifle
Glock 17 semi-automatic pistol
Deaths50 (including the perpetrator)
Non-fatal injuries
53
PerpetratorOmar Mateen

On June 12, 2016, a mass shooting terrorist attack occurred inside Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, United States, using legally purchased high-capacity firearms.[1]. Fifty people died including the gunman, who was killed by Orlando police after a three-hour standoff. An additional 53 people were injured. It was the deadliest mass shooting by a single gunman and the deadliest incident of violence against LGBT people in U.S. history, and also the deadliest terrorist attack in the U.S. since the September 11 attacks in 2001.

The assailant was identified as 29-year-old Omar Mateen, an American born to parents of Afghan background. Witnesses said he was a regular patron of the nightclub, and some said he had used gay dating websites in the past. In a 9-1-1 call shortly after the attack began, he swore allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The Central Intelligence Agency said it found no links between ISIL and Mateen.

Attack[edit | edit source]

On June 11, 2016, Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, was hosting Latin Night, a weekly Saturday-night event drawing a primarily Hispanic crowd.[2][3] About 320 people were inside the club, which was serving last call drinks at around 2:00 a.m. EDT on June 12.[4][5] After arriving at the club by van,[6] Omar Mateen approached the building on foot, armed with a SIG Sauer MCX[7] semi-automatic rifle and a 9mm Glock 17 handgun.[4][8][9][10][11] A uniformed Orlando Police Department (OPD) officer working extra duty[12] engaged Mateen, returning fire at 2:02 a.m.[13][14] Mateen was able to enter the building, however, and began shooting patrons.[4][5][14] The officer was soon joined by two additional officers who also began engaging Mateen. Mateen then retreated further into the nightclub and began to take patrons hostage.[4][8][15] About 100 officers from the OPD and the Orange County Sheriff's Office were first dispatched to the scene.[15]

During the attack, people trapped inside the club called and messaged friends and relatives. Initially, some of them thought the gunshots were firecrackers[16][17] or part of music.[18] Many described a scene of panic and confusion caused by the loud music and darkness. One person hiding in a bathroom covered herself with the bodies of victims for protection. Some entertainers hid inside a dressing room when the shooting started and escaped the building by crawling out when police removed the air conditioning unit. One of the bartenders said she hid under the glass bar. Many patrons attempted to save the lives of those injured.[19]

According to one of the hostages, Mateen entered a bathroom where people were hiding and opened fire, wounding several. The hostage, who had taken cover inside a stall with others, was injured by bullets and flying pieces of a wall that was hit with bullets. Mateen's rifle then jammed briefly, at which point he stopped firing and took survivors hostage.[20] Two survivors reported Mateen as saying "I don't have a problem with black people"[21][22] and that he "wouldn't stop his assault until America stopped bombing his country".[23] Other survivors heard Mateen claim that he had explosives as well as snipers stationed around the club.[24] Patrons trapped inside called or texted 9-1-1 to warn of the possible presence of explosives.[25]

At 2:09 a.m., several minutes after the gunfire started, the club posted on its Facebook page, "Everyone get out of Pulse and keep running".[26] At 2:22 a.m., Mateen made a 9-1-1 call in which he expressed sympathy for Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, the Boston Marathon bombers,[15] and made a reference to Moner Mohammad Abu Salha, an acquaintance of his who died in a suicide bombing in Syria in 2014.[27] Mateen said he was inspired by Abu Salha's death for the Al-Nusra Front, and despite their being at war with ISIL, claimed allegiance to the latter organization.[27] According to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) officials, Mateen made two other 9-1-1 calls during the shooting.[28]

At 2:45 a.m., Mateen called News 13 of Orlando and said, "I am the shooter." He then claimed his attack for the Islamic State and began speaking rapidly in Arabic. The TV station's managing editor matched the incoming phone number to Mateen.[29][30]

The injured police officer's Kevlar helmet from the incident, showing the impact of a bullet

Dozens of additional first responders—including OPD officers, Orange County sheriff's deputies, and FBI agents, as well as paramedics and firefighters from three fire departments—reported to the scene.[31] A crisis negotiator was present[32] as Mateen was holed up inside and holding hostages.[31][33] Officers initially believed he was armed with a "device" that posed a threat, but it was later revealed to be a battery that fell out of an exit sign or smoke detector.[34] Due to the nature of the situation, officers said they had to wait for three hours in order to have a full assessment of the incident, wait for armored vehicles, and ensure they had enough personnel.[15]

At 3:58 a.m., the OPD announced to the public that there was a shooting at the club, and that there were multiple injuries.[15] According to Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer, Mateen told police during negotiations that he planned to strap bombs to four hostages and strategically place them in different corners of the building.[25]

Around 4:00 a.m., Mateen texted his wife, Noor Salman, asking her if she had seen the news. At one point, she texted him back. She also made several attempts to call him, but he did not answer.[35]

Before 5:00 a.m., Mateen entered the bathroom stall where the hostages were hiding and fired three shots, killing one person.[20] Immediately afterwards,[20] at around 5:00 a.m., SWAT officers entered the building by driving an armored vehicle through a wall, then used two flash-bangs to distract Mateen.[36] Mateen was shot and killed in the gunfight, which involved eleven officers.[37]

Five minutes later, police said a bomb squad had set off a controlled explosion.[15][32] At 5:53 a.m., they confirmed Mateen's death.[15] Thirty hostages were freed during the police operation; one officer had received a shot to his head, but his helmet reduced the impact so it was non-lethal, and he was hospitalized for minor eye injuries.[38][39][40] Many of the survivors were searched by police for guns and explosives.[25] Once the officers entered the building, they found 39 bodies, including Mateen's, inside the club. Another two were found outside.[33][36]

Casualties[edit | edit source]

Memorial display at the Embassy of the United States, Warsaw, on June 13

The shooting resulted in 50 people, including the perpetrator, being killed and 53 more sustaining injuries, some critical;[41] many underwent surgery.[42] The perpetrator and 38 victims died at the scene, and 11 other victims were pronounced dead at local hospitals.[19][36] Many of the injured taken to the Orlando Regional Medical Center, the primary regional trauma center, located three blocks from the nightclub; others were taken to two other area hospitals.[31]

All but three of the casualties were civilians; a police officer suffered a non-fatal head injury, while the perpetrator was killed during the shootout, and a United States Army Reserve (USAR) captain was killed by the perpetrator.[19][43] Over 90% were of Hispanic background, and half of the Hispanics were of Puerto Rican descent; Pulse had promoted a Latin night that night.[44][45] Three Mexican citizens were killed, and three Colombians and two Canadians were injured.[46][47][48]

The attack is the deadliest mass shooting by a single gunman in United States history,[49][50][51] the deadliest incident of violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in the history of the United States (surpassing the 1973 UpStairs Lounge arson attack),[52] and the deadliest terrorist attack in the United States since September 11, 2001.[19][53][54]

List of fatalities[edit | edit source]

The names and ages of the victims killed were confirmed by the City of Orlando after next of kin had been notified:[55][56]

  • Stanley Almodovar III, 23
  • Amanda Alvear, 25
  • Oscar A. Aracena-Montero, 26
  • Rodolfo Ayala-Ayala, 33
  • Alejandro Barrios Martinez, 21
  • Martin Benitez Torres, 33
  • Antonio D. Brown, 29
  • Darryl R. Burt II, 29
  • Jonathan A. Camuy Vega, 24
  • Angel L. Candelario-Padro, 28
  • Simon A. Carrillo Fernandez, 31
  • Juan Chevez-Martinez, 25
  • Luis D. Conde, 39
  • Cory J. Connell, 21
  • Tevin E. Crosby, 25
  • Franky J. Dejesus Velazquez, 50
  • Deonka D. Drayton, 32
  • Mercedez M. Flores, 26
  • Juan R. Guerrero, 22
  • Peter O. Gonzalez-Cruz, 22
  • Paul T. Henry, 41
  • Frank Hernandez, 27
  • Miguel A. Honorato, 30
  • Javier Jorge-Reyes, 40
  • Jason B. Josaphat, 19
  • Eddie J. Justice, 30
  • Anthony L. Laureano Disla, 25
  • Christopher A. Leinonen, 32
  • Brenda L. Marquez McCool, 49
  • Jean C. Mendez Perez, 35
  • Akyra Monet Murray, 18
  • Kimberly Morris, 37
  • Jean C. Nives Rodriguez, 27
  • Luis O. Ocasio-Capo, 20
  • Geraldo A. Ortiz-Jimenez, 25
  • Eric I. Ortiz-Rivera, 36
  • Joel Rayon Paniagua, 32
  • Enrique L. Rios Jr., 25
  • Juan P. Rivera Velazquez, 37
  • Yilmary Rodriguez Solivan, 24
  • Christopher J. Sanfeliz, 24
  • Xavier E. Serrano Rosado, 35
  • Gilberto R. Silva Menendez, 25
  • Edward Sotomayor Jr., 34
  • Shane E. Tomlinson, 33
  • Leroy Valentin Fernandez, 25
  • Luis S. Vielma, 22
  • Luis D. Wilson-Leon, 37
  • Jerald A. Wright, 31

Perpetrator[edit | edit source]

A driver's license photo of Mateen

The gunman was identified as 29-year-old Omar Mateen,[57] a U.S. citizen born in New Hyde Park, New York.[58][59] His parents were Afghan,[60] and he was raised as a Muslim.[60] At the time of the shooting, he lived in Fort Pierce, Florida, about 100 miles (160 kilometers) from Orlando.[61][62][63]

In 2006 and 2007, Mateen worked for seven months as a prison guard for the Florida Department of Corrections; he left the position for an "administrative matter unrelated to misconduct". Since 2007, he had been a security guard for G4S Secure Solutions, a subsidiary of the London-based multinational security firm G4S plc.[64][65] The company said two screenings—one conducted upon hiring and the other in 2013—had raised no red flags.[66] Mateen held an active firearms license and a security guard license,[67] had passed a psychological test, and had no criminal record.[68] A former coworker described Mateen as "unhinged and unstable", and said he "had talked about killing people".[69] He was also reported to have voiced "hatred of gays, minorities, and Jews".[17]

In 2009, Mateen married his first wife, who left him after four months; the couple's divorce became final in July 2011. Following the nightclub attack, she said Mateen was "obviously disturbed, deeply", was often physically abusive, and used steroids.[70][71][72]

Mateen traveled to Saudi Arabia twice in 2011 and 2012 for the Umrah—pilgrimage to Mecca.[73] U.S. and Saudi investigators were unsure whom Mateen met with during the trips or whether they were related to radicalization.[73][74]

Mateen became a person of interest to the FBI in May 2013 and July 2014. The 2013 investigation was opened after he made "inflammatory" comments to coworkers about having family connections to al-Qaeda and being a member of Hezbollah.[75] The 2014 investigation was opened after he was linked to Moner Mohammad Abu Salha, an American radical who traveled to Syria and committed a suicide bombing there. Mateen was interviewed three times in connection with the investigations, which were both closed after producing nothing that appeared to warrant further investigation.[67][76][77]

An unnamed police academy classmate told the media that Mateen had asked him out romantically around 2006, that they had spent time at gay bars together after class, and that he believed Mateen was gay.[78] He also described him as "socially awkward" and disliked by classmates.[79] At least four regular customers at the nightclub had seen Mateen visit the nightclub on at least a dozen occasions. One of them said he would sometimes become drunkenly "loud and belligerent", and at other times would drink in a corner by himself.[58] According to a witness who recognized him outside the club an hour before the shootings (and later turned over his own phone for FBI analysis), Mateen had messaged him using Jack'd, a gay dating app, intermittently over the course of a year before the attack.[80] Another witness said Mateen used the Grindr app and Adam4Adam website to communicate with gay men online, and had posted pictures of himself on both sites.[78] A third witness said Mateen would try to pick up men at the nightclub.[81]

Mateen's father, Seddique Mir Mateen, initially said he had seen his son get angry after seeing a gay couple kiss in front of his family at the Bayside Marketplace in Miami months prior to the attack, which he suggested might have been a motivating factor.[82][83] Two days later, however, he appeared to back away from that assertion after his son's alleged true or repressed sexual orientation became a point of inquiry as focus continued to grow on the topic, with multiple witnesses emerging to speak on Mateen's private activities going back at least ten years. Mateen's father stated he didn't believe his son was secretly homosexual or bisexual, saying, "I didn't see any of it and I don't believe that was the case."[84] However, during an interview with the Brazilian television station SBT Brazil, Mateen's ex-wife, Sitora Yusufiy, claimed that his father called him gay while in her presence. Her current fiancé, Marco Dias, speaking Portuguese on her behalf, told SBT Brazil that she, his family, and others believed he was gay, and that "the FBI asked her not to tell this to the American media".[85][86]

At the time of the shooting, Mateen was married to his second wife, Noor Zahi Salman, and had a young son.[87] Senate Intelligence Committee member Angus King said Salman had "some knowledge" of Mateen's plans beforehand. Media reports, citing law enforcement officials, have said Salman was with Mateen as he scouted possible Orlando-area targets (including the Walt Disney World Resort, Disney Springs, and the Pulse nightclub) and that she was also with Mateen when he purchased ammunition and a holster in the months leading up to the attack.[73][88][89]

Mateen legally purchased the two guns used in the attack from a shop in Port St. Lucie two weeks before the shooting.[90]

On the early morning of June 12, the day of the attack, Mateen posted on one of his Facebook accounts: "The real muslims will never accept the filthy ways of the west ... You kill innocent women and children by doing us airstrikes..now taste the Islamic state [sic] vengeance" as well as "America and Russia stop bombing the Islamic state." His final post was, "In the next few days you will see attacks from the Islamic State in the usa." These posts have since been deleted.[91][92]

Aftermath[edit | edit source]

Many people lined up to donate blood at local blood donation centers and bloodmobile locations after OneBlood, a regional blood donation agency, urged people to donate.[93][94] The surge in blood donations and the fact that the shooting targeted a gay nightclub highlighted the long-controversial and much-criticized federal policy that forbids men who have been sexually active with other men in the past year from donating blood.[95][96]

The LGBT Community Center of Central Florida provided grief counseling for survivors.[97] A victims' assistance center was opened at Camping World Stadium (formerly known as the Citrus Bowl).[25]

Police tactics experts expressed misgivings about the three-hour delay in breaching the nightclub, citing lessons learned from other mass shootings in which officers had to enter a shooting location, even at great risk to themselves, to quickly neutralize a threat.[98]

Facebook activated its "Safety Check" feature in the Orlando area following the attack, allowing users to mark themselves as "safe" to notify family and friends—the first use of the feature in the United States.[99][100]

Following the shooting, businesses in the U.S., such as shopping malls, movie theaters, and concert halls, reexamined their security procedures,[101] and gay pride festival organizers made plans to increase the police presence at Pride Month and other events.[101][102]

Investigation[edit | edit source]

President Barack Obama receives an update in the Oval Office from FBI Director James Comey and Homeland Security Advisor Lisa Monaco on the mass shooting.

Officials said a SIG Sauer MCX semi-automatic rifle and a Glock 9mm semiautomatic pistol were recovered from Mateen's body, along with additional rounds.[103][104][105] Mateen and law enforcement fired a total of 202 rounds.[106] A .38 Smith & Wesson revolver was recovered from Mateen's car; this gun was not used in the shooting.[105]

City of Orlando Chief of Police John W. Mina called the shooting an act of "lone wolf" domestic terrorism.[citation needed] Orange County Sheriff Jerry Demings said, "This is an incident, as I see it, that we certainly classify as domestic terror incident". When asked about Islam, FBI agent Ronald Hopper replied, "We do have suggestions that that individual might have leanings towards that, that particular ideology. But right now we can't say definitively, so we’re still running everything around."[4] Mina said Mateen was organized, well prepared, and not from the local area.[38] The FBI set up a hotline for callers with information on the shooting.[97]

On June 13, FBI Director James Comey told reporters, "So far, we see no indication that this was a plot directed from outside the United States and we see no indication that he was part of any kind of network." He said the U.S. Intelligence Community was "highly confident that this killer was radicalized at least in part through the Internet",[77] and that the investigation had found "strong indications of radicalization by this killer and of potential inspiration by foreign terrorist organizations".[107] Comey also said the FBI will review its work and methods. When asked if anything could have or should have been done differently in regard to Mateen, or the FBI's intelligence and actions in relation to him, Comey replied, "So far, the honest answer is, 'I don't think so'".[108]

U.S. officials said ISIL may have inspired Mateen without training, instructing, or having a direct connection with him.[109][110][111] Investigators have said no evidence linking Mateen to the group has emerged, and have cautioned that the attack may have been ISIL-inspired without being ISIL-directed,[112] as was the case in the December 2, 2015 attack in San Bernardino, California.[17][113] Yoram Schweitzer of the Israeli Institute for National Security Studies posited that Mateen associated the attack with ISIL to add notoriety, and said it was very unlikely that ISIL had known of him before the attack.[109]

Following the shooting, officers from multiple federal, state, and local law-enforcement agencies (including the FBI, ATF, Florida Department of Law Enforcement, St. Lucie County Sheriff's Office, and Fort Pierce Police Department) converged on Mateen's home in Fort Pierce and another home in Port St. Lucie. A bomb squad checked Mateen's Fort Pierce home for explosives.[114]

The shooting has been described as an example of soft target terrorism, which targets civilian locations that have minimal security.[115]

A survivor of the attack, Patience Carter, said Mateen talked about wanting the United States to "stop bombing his country".[116][117]

On July 16, Central Intelligence Agency head John Brennan told the Senate intelligence committee his agency was "unable to uncover any link" between Mateen and ISIL, calling the shooting a "lone wolf" attack.[118]

Reactions[edit | edit source]

File:President Obama Speaks on Tragic Shooting in Orlando.webm

Florida Governor Rick Scott expressed support for all affected, and said that the state emergency operations center is monitoring the incident.[119] Scott declared a state of emergency for Orange County, Florida,[120] and Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer declared a state of emergency for the city.[121]

The Obama administration expressed its condolences to the victims. President Barack Obama directed that "the federal government provide any assistance necessary to pursue the investigation and support the community."[122] In a speech, he described the attack as an "act of hate" and "act of terror".[62][123][124] He also issued a proclamation ordering U.S. flags around the country to be lowered to half-staff.[125] He and Vice President Joe Biden traveled to Orlando on June 16 to lay flowers at a memorial and visit the victims' families; Obama gave a speech afterwards.[126]

File:Eiffel Tower LGBT.jpg
The Eiffel Tower illuminated in the colors of the rainbow flag, representing the LGBT movement

Several American Muslims swiftly condemned the attack.[127][128] Prayer vigils for the victims were held at mosques across the country.[129] The Florida mosque where Mateen sometimes worshiped issued a statement condemning the attack and offering condolences to the victims.[130] The Council on American–Islamic Relations called the attack "monstrous" and offered its condolences to the victims, saying, "The Muslim community joins our fellow Americans in repudiating anyone or any group that would claim to justify or excuse such an appalling act of violence." CAIR Florida urged Muslims to donate blood and contribute funds in support of the victims' families.[127][131]

Many people on social media and elsewhere, including U.S. presidential candidates, members of Congress, other political figures, foreign leaders, and various celebrities, expressed their shock at the event and extended their condolences to those affected.[132] Vigils were held, or are being planned, in various cities and countries around the world to mourn those who were killed in the shooting.[133]

Equality Florida, the state's largest LGBT rights group, started a fundraising page to aid the victims and their families, raising $767,000 in the first nine hours.[99][134][135] As of June 16, it raised more than $5.09 million, a record for GoFundMe, and continued to increase quickly.[136][137][138] Orlando's mayor Buddy Dyer created another campaign, OneOrlando, supported by $1 million donations from both The Walt Disney Company and NBCUniversal, which operate the nearby Walt Disney World Resort and Universal Orlando Resort.[139][140][141]

Seddique released a Dari-language video statement via Facebook on June 13, speaking about his son's actions.[142]

A June 13 broadcast from the ISIL radio station al-Bayan said Mateen was "one of the soldiers of the caliphate in America", without indicating any foreknowledge of the shooting.[109]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Weapons gunman used in Orlando shooting are high-capacity, common
  2. Rothaus, Steve (June 12, 2016). "Pulse Orlando shooting scene a popular LGBT club where employees, patrons 'like family'". Miami Herald. Retrieved June 15, 2016. 
  3. Tsukayama, Hayley; Berman, Mark; Markon, Jerry (June 13, 2016). "Gunman who killed 49 in Orlando nightclub had pledged allegiance to ISIS". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 15, 2016. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Caplan, David; Hayden, Michael Edison (June 12, 2016). "At Least 50 Dead in Orlando Gay Club Shooting, Suspect Pledged Allegiance to ISIS, Officials Say". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/US/multiple-injuries-shooting-orlando-nightclub-police/story?id=39789552. Retrieved June 12, 2016. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Santora, Marc (June 12, 2016). "Last Call at Pulse Nightclub, and Then Shots Rang Out". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/13/us/last-call-at-orlando-club-and-then-the-shots-rang-out.html. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  6. "A timeline of what happened at the Orlando nightclub shooting". The Tamp Bay Times. June 12, 2016. http://www.tampabay.com/news/publicsafety/crime/a-timeline-of-what-happened-at-the-orlando-nightclub-shooting/2281363. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  7. "Significance of Orlando gunman calling 911 during standoff". CBS News. June 13, 2016. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/orlando-shooting-investigation-gunman-omar-mateen-911-call. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "50 dead, Islamic terrorism tie eyed in Orlando gay bar shooting". Associated Press. CBS News. June 12, 2016. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/pulse-nightclub-shooting-orlando/. Retrieved June 12, 2016. 
  9. Zarroli, Jim (June 13, 2016). "Type Of Rifle Used In Orlando Is Popular With Hobbyists, Easy To Use". NPR. http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/13/481877159/the-rifle-used-in-orlando-is-lightweight-easy-to-use-and-oh-so-deadly. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  10. Siemaszko, Corky (June 12, 2016). "AR-15 Rifle Used in Orlando Massacre Has Bloody Pedigree". NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/orlando-nightclub-massacre/ar-15-rifle-used-orlando-massacre-has-bloody-pedigree-n590581. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  11. Drabold, Will (June 13, 2016). "What to Know About the Gun Used in the Orlando Shooting". Time. http://time.com/4366658/orlando-shooting-ar-15-gun-control/. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  12. "Orlando Mass Shooting: Mateen Was About To Kill More ... Chief Describes Final Assault". TMZ. June 13, 2016. http://m.tmz.com/#article/2016/06/13/orlando-mass-shooting-police-fbi-news-conference/. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  13. Grimson, Matthew (June 12, 2016). "Orlando Nightclub Shooting: Mass Casualties After Gunman Opens Fire in Gay Club". NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/orlando-nightclub-massacre/orlando-nightclub-shooting-emergency-services-respond-reports-gunman-n590446. Retrieved June 12, 2016. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 Mozingo, Joe; Pearce, Matt; Wilkinson, Tracy (June 13, 2016). "'An act of terror and an act of hate': The aftermath of America's worst mass shooting". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/nation/nationnow/la-na-orlando-nightclub-shooting-20160612-snap-story.html. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 Narayan, Chandrika (June 12, 2016). "Timeline of Orlando nightclub shooting". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/12/us/orlando-shooting-timeline/. Retrieved June 12, 2016. 
  16. "What Happened Inside the Orlando Nightclub". The New York Times. June 12, 2016. ISSN 0362-4331. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/06/12/us/what-happened-at-the-orlando-nightclub-shooting.html. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Alvarez, Lizette; Pérez-Peña, Richard; Hauser, Christine (June 13, 2016). "Orlando Police Detail Battle to End Massacre at Gay Nightclub". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/14/us/orlando-shooting.html. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  18. Alexander, Harriet; Lawler, David (June 13, 2016). "'We thought it was part of the music': how the Pulse nightclub massacre unfolded in Orlando". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/06/12/we-thought-it-was-part-of-the-music-how-the-pulse-nightclub-mass/. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Fantz, Ashley; Karimi, Faith; McLaughlin, Eliott C. (June 12, 2016). "Orlando shooting: 49 killed, shooter pledged ISIS allegiance". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/12/us/orlando-nightclub-shooting/index.html. Retrieved June 12, 2016. 
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Mohney, Gillian (June 14, 2016). "Hostage Injured at Orlando Nightclub Recounts Hours of Pain and Fear With Gunman". Yahoo! GMA. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  21. Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (June 14, 2016). "Survivor on Orlando gunman: 'He was not going to stop killing people until he was killed'". The Los Angeles Time. http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-orlando-nightclub-restroom-survivors-20160614-snap-story.html. Retrieved June 15, 2016. "[Patience Carter, a hostage] continued: 'There was an African American man in the stall with us... he said, 'Yes, there are about six or seven of us.' The gunman responded back to him saying that, 'You know, I don't have a problem with black people, this is about my country. You guys suffered enough." 
  22. "Orlando shooting survivor recounts terrifying moments". Fox 29. June 13, 2016. http://www.fox29.com/news/158721816-story. Retrieved June 15, 2016. "'I could hear him talking and he said, 'I don't have a problem with black people. It's nothing personal. I'm just tired of your people killing my in Iraq, Parker explained." 
  23. "Orlando survivor: Gunman tried to spare black people". CBS News. June 14, 2016. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/orlando-survivor-patience-carter-gunman-tried-to-spare-black-people/. Retrieved June 15, 2016. "Carter, 20 years old, had fled into the bathroom of Pulse nightclub during the Orlando massacre, and as the situation was winding down, she said the gunman told police negotiators on the phone that he pledged his allegiance to ISIS, and that he wouldn't stop his assault until America stopped bombing his country." 
  24. Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (June 14, 2016). "Survivor on Orlando gunman: 'He was not going to stop killing people until he was killed'". The Los Angeles Time. http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-orlando-nightclub-restroom-survivors-20160614-snap-story.html. Retrieved June 15, 2016. 
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 Robles, Frances; Pérez-Peña, Richard (June 15, 2016). "Omar Mateen Told Police He'd Strap Bombs to Hostages, Orlando Mayor Says". The New York Times. Retrieved June 15, 2016. 
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