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[[File:White, Brown, Red & Wild rice.jpg|thumb|A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing [[wild rice]], ''Zizania'' species]]
 
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'''Rice''' ([[Greek]] 6p15"zt, [[Latin]] oryza, [[French]] riz, [[Italian]] riso, [[Spanish]] arros, derived from the [[Arabic]]), a well-known cereal, botanical name ''Oryza sativa''. According to [[Roxburgh]], the great [[Indian]] botanist, the cultivated rice with all its numerous varieties has originated from a wild plant, called in [[India]] Newaree or Nivara, which is indigenous on the borders of lakes in the [[Circars]] and elsewhere in India, and is also native in tropical [[Australia]]. The rice plant is an annual grass with long linear glabrous leaves, each provided with a long sharply pointed ligule. The spikelets are borne on a compound or branched spike, erect at first but afterwards bent downwards. Each spikelet contains a solitary flower with two outer small barren glumes, above which is a large tough, compressed, often awned, flowering glume, which partly encloses the somewhat similar pale. Within these are six stamens, a hairy ovary surmounted by two feathery styles which ripens into the fruit (grain), and which is invested by the husk formed by the persistent glume and pale. The cultivated varieties are extremely numerous, some kinds being adapted for marshy land, others for growth on the hill A, spikelet (enlarged) B, bearded variety sides. The cultivators p g) y' make two principal C, spikelet of B (enlarged).
 
'''Rice''' ([[Greek]] 6p15"zt, [[Latin]] oryza, [[French]] riz, [[Italian]] riso, [[Spanish]] arros, derived from the [[Arabic]]), a well-known cereal, botanical name ''Oryza sativa''. According to [[Roxburgh]], the great [[Indian]] botanist, the cultivated rice with all its numerous varieties has originated from a wild plant, called in [[India]] Newaree or Nivara, which is indigenous on the borders of lakes in the [[Circars]] and elsewhere in India, and is also native in tropical [[Australia]]. The rice plant is an annual grass with long linear glabrous leaves, each provided with a long sharply pointed ligule. The spikelets are borne on a compound or branched spike, erect at first but afterwards bent downwards. Each spikelet contains a solitary flower with two outer small barren glumes, above which is a large tough, compressed, often awned, flowering glume, which partly encloses the somewhat similar pale. Within these are six stamens, a hairy ovary surmounted by two feathery styles which ripens into the fruit (grain), and which is invested by the husk formed by the persistent glume and pale. The cultivated varieties are extremely numerous, some kinds being adapted for marshy land, others for growth on the hill A, spikelet (enlarged) B, bearded variety sides. The cultivators p g) y' make two principal C, spikelet of B (enlarged).
   

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